Data Sources Included in the COVID-19 and Equity in Education Database


Data for the 2019 Novel Coronavirus Visual Dashboard operated by the Johns Hopkins University Center for Systems Science and Engineering (JHU CSSE). Also, Supported by ESRI Living Atlas Team and the Johns Hopkins University Applied Physics Lab (JHU APL). Data were collected from multiple sources.

American Community Survey (ACS)

The American Community Survey (ACS) is an ongoing survey that provides vital information on a yearly basis at national, state, county, census tract, and other levels. Information from the survey generates data that help determine how more than $675 billion in federal and state funds are distributed each year. Through the ACS, we know more about jobs and occupations, educational attainment, veterans, whether people own or rent their homes, and other topics.

Common Core of Data (CCD)

The Common Core of Data (CCD) is the Department of Education's primary database on public elementary and secondary education in the United States. CCD is a comprehensive, annual, national database of all public elementary and secondary schools and school districts.

CDC/ATSDR Social Vulnerability Index (SVI)

Social vulnerability refers to the potential negative effects on communities caused by external stresses on human health. Such stresses include natural or human-caused disasters, or disease outbreaks. Reducing social vulnerability can decrease both human suffering and economic loss. The CDC/ATSDR Social Vulnerability Index (CDC/ATSDR SVI) uses 15 U.S. census variables to help local officials identify communities that may need support before, during, or after disasters.

Small Area Income and Poverty Estimates (SAIPE)

The U.S. Census Bureau’s Small Area Income and Poverty Estimates program produces single-year estimates of income and poverty for all U.S. states and counties as well as estimates of school-age children in poverty for all 13,000+ school districts.

The EDFacts Initiative

EDFacts is a U.S. Department of Education (ED) initiative to collect, analyze, and promote the use of high-quality, pre-kindergarten through grade 12 data. EDFacts centralizes performance data supplied by state education agencies (SEAs) with other data assets, such as financial grant information, within the Department to enable better analysis and use in policy development, planning and management.

Multidimensional Deprivation Index (MDI)

The Multidimensional Deprivation Index (MDI) is a research measure intended to complement, not replace, the Official Poverty Measure or Supplemental Poverty Measure. The MDI has six dimensions: standard of living, education, health, economic security, housing quality, and neighborhood quality. This report presents estimates of poverty using the official definition of poverty and estimates of deprivation using the MDI based on information collected primarily in the American Community Survey.

Civil Rights Data Collection (CRDC)

The Civil Rights Data Collection (CRDC) collects a variety of information including student enrollment and educational programs and services, most of which is disaggregated by race/ethnicity, sex, limited English proficiency, and disability. The CRDC is a longstanding and important aspect of the ED Office for Civil Rights (OCR) overall strategy for administering and enforcing the civil rights statutes for which it is responsible.

The Social Capital Project Social Capital Index (SCI)

The Social Capital Index (SCI) summarizes the geographic distribution of social capital, and establishes that the index is consistently—and often strongly—related to a range of economic, social, and demographic indicators. It also presents the geographic distribution of several subcomponents of social capital, including family unity, family interaction, social support, community health, institutional health, collective efficacy, and philanthropic health.

Opportunity Insights Economic Tracker

The Opportunity Insights Economic Tracker combines anonymized data from leading private companies – from credit card processors to payroll firms – to provide a real-time picture of indicators such as employment rates, consumer spending, and job postings across counties, industries, and income groups. Employment levels are relative to January 4-31, 2020. Details about data sources:

The Opportunity Index

The Opportunity Index is a composite measure that draws upon important economic, educational, health, and community-related indicators of opportunity. The Index was launched in 2011 and has since been updated regularly. It provides insight into the multidimensional nature of opportunity in the United States. The indicators are broken down geographically to measure opportunity for individual states and counties.

Civil Rights Data Collection (CRDC) -- EDFacts Supplemental Data

The Civil Rights Data Collection (CRDC) collects a variety of information including student enrollment and educational programs and services. The EDFacts Supplemental Data on education environment, placement, disability, and chronic absenteeism are included in the CRDC data file to assist with analysis and reporting.

U.S. School Closure & Distance Learning Database

The U.S. School Closure & Distance Learning Database tracks year-over-year change in in-person attendance across more than 100,000 schools throughout the COVID-19 pandemic. For more details, please see the published version of the paper and dataset at Nature Human Behaviour:

Household Pulse Survey

The experimental Household Pulse Survey is designed to quickly and efficiently deploy data collected on how people’s lives have been impacted by the coronavirus pandemic. Data collection for Phase 1 began on April 23, 2020 and ended on July 21, 2020. Data collection for Phase 2 began on August 19, 2020 and ended October 26, 2020. Data collection for Phase 3 began on October 28, 2020 and ended March 29, 2021.

Focus States' Public Education Data

Public education data published on state education agency websites by the six focus states: California, Florida, New York, Tennessee, Texas, and Washington. The CEE database only includes data for districts/schools in the same-year Common Core of Data (CCD) directories. Variable names are aligned by the CEE team, but different states have different definitions for the same variable. Please make sure to understand the nuances by looking into the the data sources provided in the Data Source link. Note: Washington's 2020–21 assessment data is from the Fall 2021 administration.

National Risk Index for Natural Hazards (NRI)

The National Risk Index is easy to use and can be levered to support community prioritization of resilience efforts by providing an at-a-glance overview of multiple natural hazard risk factors. It is a tool by FEMA that identifies communities most at risk to 18 natural hazards. Note that the 2016 , 2017, and 2020 indices were published in 2020, 2021, and 2023, respectively. The 2020 indices are not comparable with earlier years due to methodology changes.

COVID-19 School Data Hub

The COVID-19 School Data Hub integrates data from state agencies about the learning models used in their K-12 schools and districts over the course of the 2020-21 school year. The Data Hub will make it possible for researchers to answer crucial questions about the impact of the schooling experience during the COVID-19 pandemic, including questions about impact of in-person vs. virtual learning on academic performance and student health outcomes.

ESSER Expenditure Dashboard

The American Rescue Plan Elementary and Secondary School Emergency Relief (ARP ESSER) Fund under the American Rescue Plan (ARP) Act of 2021 provides a total of nearly $122 billion to States and school districts to address the impact of COVID-19. The Edunomics Lab records the allocations and tracks the expenditures that districts have submitted for reimbursement. Unless noted otherwise, all allocations and expenditures reflect the 90% of ARP ESSER III funds awarded directly to districts.